33.6.1 Accounting policy
Loans and other receivables are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market, other than:
Loans and other receivables include in particular:
Loans and other receivables, with the exception of receivables under concluded insurance contracts and other short-term receivables, are measured at the end of the reporting period at amortized cost.
Because of their nature, receivables under concluded insurance contracts and other short-term receivables are measured at their nominal value, while taking into account impairment losses on doubtful debts (the method used to estimate these impairment losses for insurance receivables is presented in section 18.104.22.168).
The result of remeasurement of loans and other receivables to amortized cost is recognized under “Net investment income”.
33.6.2 Estimates and assumptions
For all on-balance sheet credit exposures (groups of on-balance sheet credit exposures) an assessment is made to identify objective indications of impairment, according to the most recent data at the remeasurement date. In order to calculate an impairment loss amount, the estimated amounts and timing of future cash flows must be assessed. The estimates are based on assumptions about many factors, so the actual results may differ. As a result, the impairment loss amount may be subject to change in the future.
Individual assessment is required for impaired exposures that exceed the accepted materiality or exposure thresholds, for which a group of assets with similar credit risk characteristics cannot be identified or where the sample is too small to estimate the group’s parameters.
Individual measurement consists in a case-by-case verification whether a credit exposure is impaired and projection of future cash flows, including cash flows from seizure of collateral less cost to seize and sell, or from other repayment sources. The value of recoveries expected in individual measurements are regularly compared with actual recoveries.
Group measurement is based on the time over which an exposure remains in an impaired state; it considers the specificity of the group in terms of expected recoveries. Collateral is taken into account at the exposure level.
Credit exposures, for which no individual indications of impairment have been identified, are grouped in accordance with the risk profile homogeneity principle and a provision is recognized for the entire group of exposures to cover losses incurred but not reported (IBNR).
Impairment losses for assets held to maturity and loans are calculated at the difference between the carrying amount of the assets and the present value of estimated future cash flows discounted by the effective interest rate determined on initial recognition (initial effective interest rate).
If an impairment loss amount decreases in a subsequent periods a result of an event that occurred after the impairment, the previously recognized impairment loss is reversed through an adjustment of the balance of impairment losses. The amount of the reversal is posted to the profit and loss account under “Net result on realization and impairment losses on investments”.
33.6.3 Quantitative data
|Loans||31 December 2017||31 December 2016 (restated)|
|Quoted on a regulated market||977||-|
|Not quoted on a regulated market||12,645||2,461|
|Loan receivables from clients||169,457||44,998|
|Term deposits with credit institutions||1,841||2,285|
|Loan receivables from clients||31 December 2017||31 December 2016 (restated)|
|Consumer finance loans||2,129||1,222|
|Loan to purchase securities||109||125|
|Overdrafts in credit card accounts||1,297||970|
|Loans for residential real estate||58,456||7,969|
|Other mortgage loans||832||813|
|Car financing loans||80||132|
|Receivables purchased (factoring)||4,576||794|
|Overdrafts in credit card accounts||179||-|
|Loans for residential real estate||24||-|
|Other mortgage loans||8,465||-|
|Total receivables from clients on account of loans||169,457||44,998|
|Loan receivables from clients – outstanding||31 December 2017||31 December 2016|
|Past due receivables||31 December 2017||31 December 2016|
|Up to 30 days||3,456||2,187|
|Over 60 days||603||253|
|Up to 30 days||137||173|
|1 to 3 months||201||137|
|3 to 12 months||894||522|
|1 to 5 years||1,562||722|
|Over 5 years||676||14|